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Japan research

Play in pre-school

German educators and researchers spent 2 weeks visiting Japanese day care and kindergartens. 
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Reviving Play and Companionship in Japanese Families

by Takashi Hayakawa, Hisako Watanabe (Japan) Recent studies in infancy highlight the importance of play and playful interaction from early life. (Trevarthen,C. Call, J) Children in Japan today are increasingly deprived of experiences of play and playfulness since infancy. Parents themselves have great difficulty playing, as most of them have failed to inherit traditional forms of play in their childhood due to industrialization and other factors. In addition, children's play has become completely commercialized and traditional forms of play have nearly died out. This lack of play and playful interaction is one factor yielding serious psychological problems in children. In 1983, I bought a house in Yatsuo-machi in Toyama Prefecture, and created a play space for children named the Naughty Children's Village. Further in 2004 I established an NPO called Let-Children-Play with the aim of providing children with a natural environment for playing. Over the past three years we held 44 playing camps. 171 families and 386 people participated, including 44 infants and preschoolers. In our camping events, parents and children just play to their heart's content facilitated by our staff who foster a playful, relaxed atmosphere. As a result, the parents become aware of the joys of playing and begin to play more interactively with their kids. Among our participants, 16 children diagnosed as having ADHD, school refusal and others became happier and more confident after the camp. Thrilling enjoyable time shared with their parents and friends boost self-confidence and impetus for a meaningful life. [View source]

108. Reviving Play and Companionship in Japanese Families. Takashi Hayakawa, Hisako Watanabe (Japan)


Looks like an intriguing expatriate window on Japan

"The Broken Bridge: Fiction from Expatriates in Literary Japan showcases the literary work of 36 non-Japanese writers, expatriates in Japan who provide 36 windows looking in on the country, revealing a Japan as seen through the eyes of writers who love and live, but who will never completely belong, in Japan. Gaijin (foreigners) to the Japanese, destined always to be outsiders to a certain extent, they all find their own balance between individual identity and conforming to Japanese society. The writers represent a variety of eras (from the occupation on through to the '90s) and they deal with love, dignity, adultery, desecration, and despair in stories that are alternately full of humor and humiliation, happiness and pain. An English teacher in Frank Tuohy's "The Broken Bridge" seeks the author of a troubled essay and discovers, after a series of cultural "mistakes," that the student has killed himself. Drawn with fascination to Miss Yukiya's body and Miss Hama's mind, Morgan Gibson's protagonist in "Is There a God in Your Heart?" looks up for the Big Dipper and falls into a ditch. While the literary styles are diverse, the quality never wavers as these writers explore their adopted country, their inner demons, and their love-hate relationships with Japan."

Breastfeeding and a Cooperative Partner Promote Maternal Bonding

by Kazuo Sato, Etsuko Sakai, Norio Kubo (Japan). Objectives: To verify the effectiveness of breastfeeding on maternal bonding in our own cases. Materials & Methods: We carried out a questionnaire survey by mail to 869 mothers who had delivered healthy babies weighing more than 2500g from 2004 to 2007 in our hospital. Several factors were asked such as, gender of a baby, whether the baby is a singleton or a twin, presence of sibling, attendance to a day-care center, whether the mother has her partner's cooperation, and whether the mother is breast-feeding, mixed-feeding, or bottle-feeding the baby. The maternal bonding was measured by using the Bonding Questionnaire. The relationship between maternal bonding and the several factors was analyzed statistically using bivariable analysis (Mann-Whiteny U test, Kruskal-Wallis test) and multivariable analysis (logistic regression). Results: High maternal bonding is associated with a singleton, the presence of sibling, attendance to a day-care center, the presence of a cooperative partner, and breastfeeding by bivariable analysis. High maternal bonding is associated with the presence of a cooperative partner, the mixed feeding, and breastfeeding by multivariable analysis. Conclusion: Our study has shown that breastfeeding (not breastmilk) and the presence of a cooperative partner promote maternal bonding. [View source]

109. Breastfeeding and a Cooperative Partner Promote Maternal Bonding" by Kazuo Sato, Etsuko Sakai, Norio Kubo (Japan)



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Japan Breast-feeding

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